By Vassilis Inglezakis, Stavros Poulopoulos
Adsorption, Ion alternate and Catalysis is largely a mix of environmental technology and chemical reactor engineering. extra particularly, 3 very important heterogeneous techniques, specifically, adsorption, ion trade and catalysis, are analysed, from primary kinetics to reactor layout with emphasis on their environmental functions. In bankruptcy 1, the topic of air and water pollutants is handled. info approximately pollution and emission resources are given and the therapy tools are presently provided. In bankruptcy 2, the very fundamentals and old improvement of adsorption, ion alternate and catalysis are provided in addition to their environmental purposes. bankruptcy three is dedicated to heterogeneous procedures and reactor research. all kinds of reactors are defined extensive and reactor modelling, hydraulics and mass/heat move phenomena are tested for every kind of reactor. Chapters four and five are devoted to adsorption & ion trade and catalysis, respectively. the elemental rules are provided together with kinetics, equilibrium, mass/heat move phenomena in addition to the analytical options of the reactor types provided in bankruptcy three. within the 6th bankruptcy, the topic of scale up is approached.The Annexes on the finish of the e-book include actual houses of gear of environmental curiosity in addition to unit conversion tables. eventually, approximately all of the examples contained are according to genuine experimental info present in literature with environmental curiosity. many of the examples contemplate all elements of operation layout - kinetics, hydraulics and mass transfer.* offers easy wisdom of significant environmental difficulties and connects them to chemicalengineering
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Additional info for Adsorption, Ion Exchange and Catalysis: Design of Operations and Environmental Applications (2006)
S. Thompson Thompson passed a solution of manure through a filter made of ordinary garden soil and found that the ammonia was removed from solution. Recognition of the phenomenon of ion exchange and a description of its basic characteristics. The ion exchange property of soils was found to be based on their containing small amounts of zeolites. Proved that the adsorption of ions by clays and zeolites constitutes a reversible reaction. Zeolites recognized as carriers of base exchange in soils; equivalence of exchange of bases proved.
The most effective and tested method proved to be the installation of three-way catalysts at the exhaust emission system of cars.
3 Adsorption, Ion Exchange, and Catalysis: Three Related Phenomena 45 materials used in both catalysis and ion exchange, such as zeolites and clays. 6. Furthermore, in the manufacture of zeolite catalysts, ion exchange plays an outstanding role. Brönsted acid sites can be readily generated by introducing ammonium ions followed by a heat treatment or by introducing multivalent metal cations, again followed by heat treatment (Weitkamp, 2000). e. simultaneous action of these two mechanisms. e. it distinguishes more sharply between the various reactant molecules than the dissolved catalyst.
Adsorption, Ion Exchange and Catalysis: Design of Operations and Environmental Applications (2006) by Vassilis Inglezakis, Stavros Poulopoulos