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Additional resources for Althusser and Ideology
11 Baruch (or Benedict) Spinoza (1632\-77), Jewish-Dutch philosopher, follower of Descartes and originator of Pantheism. ] 12 Although we know that the individual is always already a subject, we go on using this term, convenient because of the contrasting effect it produces. ] 13 I am quoting in a combined way, not to the letter but 'in spirit and truth'. ] 14 St. Thomas Aquinas (1225\-74),(see pp. ) philosopher and churchman. ] 15 The dogma of the Trinity is precisely the theory of the duplication of the Subject (the Father) into a subject (the Son) and of their mirror connexion (the Holy Spirit).
The reproduction of the relations of production can therefore only be a class undertaking. It is realized through a class struggle which counterposes the ruling class and the exploited class. The total process of the realization of the reproduction of the relations of production is therefore still abstract, insofar as it has not adopted the point of view of this class struggle. To adopt the point of view of reproduction is therefore, in the last instance, to adopt the point of view of the class struggle.
S. If these few schematic theses allow me to illuminate certain aspects of the functioning of the Superstructure and its mode of intervention in the Infrastructure, they are obviously abstract and necessarily leave several important problems unanswered, which should be mentioned: 1. The problem of the total process of the realization of the reproduction of the relations of production. As an element of this process, the ISAs contribute to this reproduction. But the point of view of their contribution alone is still an abstract one.
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